Obviously in some countries Internet rumors can lead to a state investigation. One of the cases is in China where almost 400 people from the Xinjiang province were investigated and 110 were detained for spreading online rumors. According to Chinese Hinjian Daily 164 received waring for spreading extremist materials that promote separatism, violence and terrorism.
The state control media gives detailed information about the perpetrations from some of the suspects, like for example uploading of 2GB of e-books by a farmer or the uploading of four videos from a school teacher, but the crackdown has quite different reasons. According to Dilxat Raxit, a spokesperson for the World Uighur Congress, who was cited from BBC saying that “These people were simply trying to express their dissatisfaction with the Chinese government.”
In this way the officials in China continue their long fight against Internet freedom, which is especially furious in Xinjiang province, because it is a region where the Chinese authorities have problems from a long time. Only in 2013 year more than one hundred people were killed in clashes in a region, where primarily live people from the Uyghurs minority. They are a Turkic ethnic group that had its own country until 1949, which was a puppet Communist state of the Soviet Union. After Mao Zedong declared the creation of People's Republic of China the name of Xinjiang was changed to Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, which effectively abolished the country of the Uyghur.
The province under Chinese rule suffers from continues terrorist attacks and ethnically-motivated riots which lead to a lot of deaths in the region. The most prominent rioting was in the summer 2009, when 197 people died after a one of the start of one of the biggest protesting movements in the province. The reason for the protests were the long complains from the Uighur minority of cultural and religious represion, which are denied by the Chinese authorities.
This lead to a stop of the Internet connection for the whole Xinjiang for more than ten months. These limitations continue to this day, since the communist party continues to investigate online rumors, a path which was taken for the past months.